Personnel Indicators

As at 31 December 2015, the Volkswagen Group, including the Chinese joint ventures, had 610,076 employees, 3.0% more than at the end of the 2014 financial year. Major factors in this rise were new hirings at our new plants in China, Poland and Mexico, and the recruitment of specialists and experts in Germany and China in particular. Over the year, the distribution of Group employees in Germany and elsewhere remained unchanged: as at the end of 2015, 45.7% of employees worked in Germany.

Number of Employees

in the Volkswagen Group by Segment

Graphic: Number of Employees

Workforce

in the Volkswagen Group

Graphic: Workforce

Number of Employees

in the Volkswagen Group by Type of Work

  2015 2014 2013 2012 2011
Production workers 279,771 273,418 265,474 258,685 246,071
Non-production workers 311,654 300,709 289,623 274,364 240,864
Apprentices 18,651 18,459 17,703 16,714 15,021
Total workforce 610,076 592,586 572,800 549,763 501,956
of whom: active employees* 585,242 566,998 545,596 525,245 482,447
in passive phased retirement 6,183 7,129 9,501 7,804 4,488
  
*All employees with a current contract of employment in a Group company
who are involved in the value creation process.

Number of Employees

in the Volkswagen Group by Regions

  2015 2014 2013 2012 2011
Europe 451,257 438,631 424,964 410,427 378,030
The Americas 59,329 59,790 61,796 63,193 58,072
Africa 6,388 6,330 6,356 6,461 6,602
Asia 91,991 86,752 78,672 68,704 58,540
Australia 1,111 1,083 1,012 978 712
Total 610,076 592,586 572,800 549,763 501,956
of whom: temporary staff 17,909 15,161 17,419 24,914 28,342
permanent staff 592,167 577,425 555,381 524,849 473,614

Female Employees*

in the Volkswagen Group (in %)

Graphic: Female Employees
*since 2011 incl. Scania.
Since 2013 incl. MAN and Porsche.

Proportion of Women1

in the Volkswagen Group in Germany (in %)

  2015 2014
Total management 10.3 10.2
Total apprentices 28.3 28.2
Industrial apprentices 22.6 21.8
Commercial apprentices 57.0 56.2
Students on “dual system” courses 33.4 32.1
University graduates recruited2 37.0 30.9
Total Volkswagen Group in Germany 17.8 17.5
 
1 Excl. Scania, MAN and Porsche.
2 Volkswagen AG.

One of the Company’s goals is to further increase the proportion of women – currently 16.0% – employed across the Group, especially in management. In the reporting year, the proportion of women in management roles in the Volkswagen Group in Germany rose to 8.6% in senior management and 11.9% in management (situation at year end, excl. Scania, MAN and Porsche). The proportion of top women managers fell from 5.7% in 2014 to 3.8% in the reporting year (situation at year end, excluding Scania, MAN and Porsche).

Apprentices

in the Volkswagen Group in Germany (in %)

Grafic: Apprentices
 
 

The total number of apprentices rose, remaining a constant proportion of the overall workforce over the reporting period.

Level of Qualification*

in the Volkswagen Group (in %)

Graphics: Level of Qualification
*Without Scania.
Since 2014 incl. MAN.

Due to its targeted recruitment measures, the Volkswagen Group employs a large proportion of well qualified employees. Some 97% of employees hold some form of qualification.

Employee Age structure

in the Volkswagen Group (in %)

Grafik: Employee Age structure

Average Age

at Volkswagen AG

  2015 2014 2013 2012 2011
Women 38.6 38.4 38.3 38.0 37.8
Men 43.7 43.6 43.7 43.4 43.1
Total 42.9 42.8 42.9 42.6 42.3

Since 2011, the average age at Volkswagen AG has been relatively constant, which is a sign of a healthy balance between the recruitment of employees who have just completed their vocational training and the retirement of long-serving employees.

Employee Turnover*

at Volkswagen AG (in %)

  2015 2014 2013 2012 2011
Women 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.4
Men 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Total 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
  
* Not incl. age-related turnover.

The employee turnover rate indicates the percentage of employees that leave the Company in the course of a year. As the chart shows, there is a very high level of stability in the Volkswagen workforce.

Average period of Employment

at Volkswagen AG (in years)

Grafik: Average period of Employment

Absenteeism*

Cumulative values (in %)

Graphic: Absenteeism
* Production locations with over 1,000 employees, excluding Scania, MAN, Ducati, Shanghai Volkswagen Powertrain and Volkswagen Automatic Transmission. From 2014: including Porsche. From 2015: including MAN Germany.

Increased availability of diagnostic and screening measures can help ensure low absenteeism. Absenteeism is calculated using the formula: number of days lost to illness or accident multiplied by 100, divided by total possible days’ attendance expected from the employee over the relevant period.

Parental Leave* at Volkswagen AG

  2015 2014 2013 2012 2011
Women 718 601 537 472 406
Men 2,112 1,658 1,285 1,114 961
Total 2,830 2,259 1,822 1,586 1,367
  
*Number of employees who started their parental leave in the year in question.

Returning from Parental Leave

at Volkswagen AG (2015)

Graphic: Returning from Parental Leave

Foreign Service Employees*

in the Volkswagen Group

Grafik: Foreign Service Employees
*From 2013 incl. new Group companies MAN, Scania, Porsche AG, Ducati and Porsche Holding.

Postings from Germany include all employees of German Group companies who were on foreign service on the reporting date (Dec. 31 in each case). Postings to Germany include all employees of Group companies abroad who were working in German Group companies. Figures for “except Germany”, representing postings to “third-party” countries, reflect the number of employees of Group companies abroad who were working in countries other than Germany or their respective home countries. The foreign service figures include all those employees contracted to work abroad (as foreign service employees); they do not include employees traveling on business.

Accident Indexes*

in the Volkswagen Group

Grafik: Unfallindizes
*Production locations excl. Scania.
From 2014 incl. MAN.

Accident Severity*

in the Volkswagen Group

Grafik: Unfallbelastung
*Production locations excl. Scania.
From 2014 incl. MAN.

The accident frequency index is an indication of the frequency with which accidents at work occurred in relation to the total number of hours worked. The formula for calculating the index is: number of occupational accidents, multiplied by 1 million, divided by the number of hours worked. The accident severity index indicates how serious the accidents are by relating the total number of working days lost to the number of hours worked. The formula for calculating the index is: number of working days lost, multiplied by 1 million, divided by the number of hours worked multiplied by 10.

Apprentices

in the Volkswagen Group

December 2015 Total Domestic Country Foreign Country
Volkswagen Passenger Cars 6,860 5,425 1,435
Audi 2,712 2,566 146
ŠKODA 889 4 885
Porsche 672 641 31
Porsche Holding Salzburg 2,013 1,131 882
SEAT 228 42 186
Bentley 139 0 139
Others 20 18 2
Automotive Division 13,533 9,827 3,706
MAN 3,177 2,268 909
Scania 767 0 767
Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles 997 756 241
Commercial Vehicles/Power Engineering Division 4,941 3,024 1,917
Financial Services Division 177 146 31
Group 18,651 12,997 5,654